Methods of Food Preservation that You Need to Know
Food can easily go bad. As such, you need to use various preservation methods. Preserving food can help you maintain a healthy food supply. Furthermore, it can protect you from several food-borne diseases. Highlighted here are some food preservation techniques you should know about.
You can Use Canning
Bacteria, and yeast require ample oxygen for survival. Oxygen enables these organisms to grow and develop. However, with canning, brine is also necessary. This is because when canning, some organisms can survive without using oxygen. This technique is the most costly in comparison to other methods. It is becoming popular with time, mainly due to industrial growth. You can use when camping. They can also be a viable option when natural disasters occur.
Freezing of Food
Agents of food spoilage work perfectly at certain temperatures. These agents of spoilage operate perfectly from around forty to a hundred and ten degrees. Temperatures below that range slow them down. These low temperatures interfere with the reproduction and metabolic rates of the agents of distraction. You should know that yeast and bacteria do not all die when you freeze food. This is an affordable method for areas with low temperatures. You can use it when camping in the mountains. Nevertheless, for home use you can have a refrigerator or a freezer. This method will help you carry ready-made food to the wilderness. Additionally, this technique can also work well for milk preservation.
Dehydrate the Food
This is another technique you can use to preserve food. It works by draining off moisture from the food. Microorganisms need moisture for survival. This method requires some way of removing moisture. The most common methods you can use for evaporation include the sun or electricity beams. However, when you use the sun, there is an advantage. It can easily kill the agents that lead to food spoilage. You can use this method in the wilderness. It also works well when you are out camping. Use this method to preserve fruits or vegetables.
This method is perfect for liquids. You can use it to preserve large amounts of milk. Several wine producing companies use it to maintain the taste of the wine. The technique aids in killing of germs. You are supposed to subject the liquid food to more than seventy degrees for at least ten seconds. Afterwards, your liquid needs to be cooled to ten degrees immediately.
This is an essential step since it stops the growth of any remaining microorganisms. After all this, you can store the liquid in a sterilized container. This method is good for when you are traveling far distances.