Medical is derived from the word medicine which stands for the study and practice of medicine. Medicine involves the study, research and the process of curing illnesses in animals and humans. Bandages, gloves, scalpels, scissors, injections and other equipment is used in treating illnesses. Most of this equipment are thrown away after use since they should remain unshared among patients. They give rise to medicine waste. This medicine waste must be disposed of carefully to prevent the spreading of infections and keep the environment clean. Some medicine waste can be treated and reused. Some organizations called medicine waste disposal companies provide specialized services in the treatment and disposal of medicine waste. Below are methods of treating and throwing away medicine waste.
Use of chemical is the first medicine waste treatment method. Chemical treatment of medicine waste involves the mixing of medicine waste and chemicals so as to kill the bacteria and other microorganisms. Chlorine and calcium oxide are mostly used in chemical treatment. During the chemical treatment process, hazardous gases are given out, therefore, a person should take all the necessary measures such as wearing protective clothing. Chemical treatment of medicine waste is an on-site method. It is mostly carried out in the health facilities.
Land disposal or burying is the next method. Decontaminated medicine waste and the treated waste can be buried on the ground or thrown away on the land surface where it can be burnt. Land disposal can also be used in disposing of medicine waste which cannot be disposed of in other ways. If the decontamination of medicine waste is impossible, a sanitary landfill is applied to keep contamination of water and soil from happening. Injection wells are used in disposing of hazardous liquid medicine waste. This waste is disposed of in special and restricted areas which are only accessed by the authorized and professional people.
Autoclaving is another method of medicine waste treatment. Autoclaving involves the heating of medicine waste at high temperatures so that all the bacteria and microorganisms are killed. A high-temperature cooker is used in heating this medicine waste before they are disposed of in landfills. One should order a suitable autoclaving cooker since they come in different sizes.
The fourth method of medicine waste treatment is irradiation. Irradiation involves the use of radiation rays such as gamma rays to sterilize medicine waste.
Use of microwaves is also used in treating medicine waste. The process of microwave treatment is like the irradiation process but microwaves are subjected to moist medicine waste. Moist can be added to dry medicine waste to make the microwave treatment effective.
These are the main ways of disposing and treating medicine waste.